Agriculture et biodiversité : programme LPO
The Agriculture and Biodiversity programme initiated by the Birds Protection League (LPO) is aimed at all Côte-d'Or farmers who wish to combine their agricultural production with the preservation of the biodiversity irrespective of their current production method.
In 2013, the Côte-d’Or LPO entered a partnership with the Association for the Defence of Epoisses to work with farmers in the AOP. Thus, five dairy producers have benefitted from this inventory, information and exchange work which will continue into 2015 with five new voluntary farms.
The farmers' participation is voluntary-based: there are no constraints and no obligations except to dedicate a little bit of time to the Côte-d'Or LPO counselor coming to the farm.
The work is done in 5 phases:
- In Spring: the first meeting with the consultant makes it possible to comprehend the reality of the farm and to establish the overall issues that may arise in terms of biodiversity;
- In Summer and Autumn: the consultant makes one or several visits to the farm plots and the farmer may participate in them if desired; these visits allow for the compilation of an inventory of the bird populations present and the identification of positive factors and areas needing improvement;
- In Winter: a document is drafted and sent to the farmer;
- The following spring: the ecological diagnostic is returned, outlining a certain number of actions to foster the biodiversity. The actions recommended in the document are discussed with the stock breeder as well as the means for implementing them.
The summary of the first five AOP Epoisses farms committed to this programme is available for download.
65 bird species have been identified including the Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), a very shy forest species which has been for some twenty years in Châtillonnais and on the Langres Plateau. Other species have been observed, like the Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus) and the Red-Backed Shrike (Lanius collurio).
Practises that are favourable to certain species have been identified and may be subject to extension among other farmers whereas recommendations on structural landscape elements and cultural techniques have been proposed.