Conditions de Production-en
44 dairy farms (12 in Haute-Marne and 32 in Côte-d’Or) were authorised in 2013 to produce milk for use in the production of the Époisses cheese, representing a total volume of 16,800,000 litres of milk (2013 production).
Three cattle breeds are used to produce milk: Brune, mainly in Châtillonnais which is the traditional birthplace of this race, which represents 30% of all deliveries ; French Simmental on the Langres Plateau and in the northern Auxois valleys, which represents 23% of all deliveries ; and Montbéliarde, which is present in all geographic areas and represents 47% of all deliveries (2013 data).
A heifer of the Brune race in Montigny-Montfort (21)
These races are used because of their long-time presence in the production region, their capacity to get the best out of the coarse fodder and the high quality of cheese made with their milk.
The feeding practices are based on great food self-sufficiency (at least 85%) and they are imposed on all authorised cattle. This is how the typical milk is produced which is linked with the terroir as it is rich in proteins and particularly adapted to lactic productions.
Montbéliardes in Villy-EN-Auxois (21)
French Simmentals in Mouilleron (52)