La qualité des prairies et biodiversité-en
Protected Designation of Origin area!
The unique wealth of natural pastures is even greater in all the geographic sectors of the Protected Designation of Origin area. One study on the natural pastures conducted at the request of the Association for the Defence of Époisses on 9 dairy farms in 2012 identified 135 plant species. Whether in the Northern Auxois, in Châtillonnais or on the Langres Plateau, one can find an average of 34 plants species per grazing or cutting lot and some pastures even have up to 60 species!
The portion of leguminous plants is significant (14%) and the portion of grass is particularly high (69%). English ray-grass, false oat-grass (or tall oat-grass), tufted grass, soft brome, Timothy grass, which cattle really love, Bird’s-foot trefoil, white and purple clovers among others can all be found as well as holy grass, yarrow, which has antiseptic properties, and plantains which are good for blood circulation and lung problems.
A natural pASTURE in THE Auxois (21) is turned.
This wealth is evidence of the great mastery of agricultural practices by the breeders who are able to balance environmental benefits with production needs. These same breeders have been able to conserve a good part of the hedges surrounding the lots which represent a linear average of 77 metres per hectare of pasture land. These hedges assist with the animals’ wellbeing during grazing periods as they provide shade and a cool sport for the animals. They are also excellent vectors of the maintenance of the plant and animal biodiversity.